A Brief Account of Public Health Work of Beijing in 2006
Basic Information In 2006 there exist 4,861 medical service institutions at all levels in Beijing, 43 more than that in 2005. Among these institutions there are 541 hospitals, 22 more than that in the previous year; and there are 81,137 sickbeds, 2,060 increased as against the previous year, including 81202 in the hospitals, which includes 8,873 increased as compared with the previous year. The public health personnel numbers 164,331, an increase of 7362 over the previous year. Within the personnel there are 125,115 health care technology professionals, 5,172 increased as compared with the previous year. The percentage of such professionals in the total personnel is 76.14%; number of rural doctors are 3672, a decrease of 120 as compared with the previous year. The medical practitioners total 51,467, and the registered nurses 45,355. On average, every thousand citizens in the city have 6.83 hospital beds, 4.33 medical practitioners and 3.81 nurses. In 2006, every outpatient is charged 243.28 yuan on average for each clinical treatment and every patient spends 12,527.96 yuan on average for medical treatment at the government-run medical institutions.
In 2006, the budgetary expense on health care of Beijing reaches 2,325,064,300 yuan, 41.9% up than the previous year (when the expense was 1,638,511,700 yuan). And the fixed assets to the health care sector amount to 9,837,277,000 yuan.
Throughout the year the municipal government has invested 1.189 billion yuan (including 20 million yuan from national budget) in public health projects, wherein 627 million yuan goes to infrastructure projects of units affiliated to or governed by the municipal government, 426 million yuan to those of 541 community health service centers or stations under districts or counties, and 136 million yuan to other 12 public health projects of districts or counties.
In 2006, there are 12 large infrastructure projects of units affiliated to or governed by Beijing Bureau of Pubic Health. Among these projects, there are 4 projects under construction, including 3 resuming projects (relocation of Beijing Ditan Hospital, reconstruction and expansion of Beijing Youan Hospital in the first phase, and reconstruction and expansion of Beijing Chaoyang Hospital in the first phase) and 1 newly started project (additional floors built on the operation building of Beijing Children’s Hospital First-aid Center); the total floor area is 199.4 thousand square meters and the actualized investment makes up 381.44 million yuan, including the government investment 315 million yuan. There are 8 infrastructure projects which proposals are approved and pro-construction preparations are under way, including construction of Beijing Children’s Blood & Tumor Center, construction of Huilongguan section of Beijing Jishuitan Hospital, construction of clinic & emergency treatment ward building and subsidiary buildings of Beijing Anding Hospital, project of cadre health-care building of Beijing Youyi Hospital, reconstruction and expansion of Xuanwu Hospital in the first phase, reconstruction of Being First-aid Center, the new clinic building of Beijing Anzhen Hospital, and expansion of the clinic building of Beijing Chest Hospital. The pre-construction preparations have cost 315.74 million yuan (inclusive of 220 million yuan used as the requisitioned land compensation), including 312 million yuan arranged by the government.
In 2006, there are 11.89 million people with registered permanent residence in Beijing; the birth rate is 6.46‰, the mortality rate 4.31‰ and the natural growth rate 2.15‰. The average life expectancy is 80.07 years, and in particular, 78.36 years for male and 81.82 years for female.
Construction of Public Health System We have established the municipal control and command department (center) for public health emergencies. It is for the first time that we have incorporated public health emergencies into the macro-management of the municipal government. As the coordinating mechanism is continuously improved between governmental departments and regions, the municipal control and command department (center) for public health emergencies has further intensified the cooperation with the municipal animal disease control department, the municipal traffic injury control department, the municipal anti-terrorist control department, the municipal fire control department, the border health quarantine department and the civil aviation administration, and established a linking mechanism with Hong Kong and Macao for information exchange and joint prevention of emergencies. There is an obvious growth of ability to jointly prevent and control emergencies. We have also established a mechanism of first-aid materials reserve for public health emergencies, and further improved the public health emergency warning mechanism, which, with the implementation of zero-case report, daily report, monthly report and yearly report systems, has noticeably enhanced the timeliness and sensitivity of reports on major emergencies that happened in critical places at critical moment.
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