Since 2015, the number of the measles incidence increased gradually in Beijing, as of January 28, 2015, the city reported a total of 142 measles cases, rising 230.2% over the same period last year (43 cases). The reported cases of childhood and adult cases is in each half, adult aged 15 years and above accounted for 59.1% (84 cases), infants under eight months accounted for 26.1% (37 cases), eight months children to 14 years of age accounted for 14.8% (21 cases). Monitoring data also showed that other provinces into Beijing for measles treatment number were 63, 83.1% for children.
In January the city's report measles outbreak (according to the requirements of national monitoring scheme, measles outbreak standards within 10 days of the same unit occurred in 2 cases) a total of 4, of which 2 of 2 cases, 1 of 8 cases, 1 of 23 cases.
Measles is a class B infectious disease in the national statutory report, before the use of vaccine; almost every child before 5 years old will get the disease, is an infectious disease seriously endangering children's health. But from the last century 60's began using measles vaccine inoculation rate, with the continuous improvement of the measles, epidemic are well controlled. The measles incidence in Beijing city in recent years the overall control at low levels, showing every 4-5 years a popular relative peak years, such as in 2005 and 2010 years, measles incidence were higher than other years. From Beijing City CDC previous monitoring data showing, the measles epidemic characteristics in Beijing City, is the annual number of patients gradually began to rise from January, April to May will get into seasonal peak. Therefore, measles incidence in Beijing will rise and it won’t appear massive outbreak.
Measles is an acute respiratory infectious disease caused by the measles virus, strong infectious, in the crowded and poor air circulation, it is easier to transmit. A measles patient is the only source of infection. Measles virus exists in the mouth, nose, pharynx, patients with tracheal, bronchial secretion and conjunctiva secretions, through droplet (cough, sneeze, speak) transmission. T Patients are contagious from 2 days before infecting the virus to appearing rash after 5 days, if patients have complications such as pneumonia; isolation period needs to be extended to a rash appearing after 14 days. Unvaccinated people generally are easy to infect measles.
Measles virus infection has a long incubation period, that is, an average of 14 days, the shortest 7 days, the longest 21 days. The main symptoms have a fever, red rash accompanied by cough, coryza or conjunctivitis; individual cases will be accompanied by serious complications such as pneumonia. Therefore got the measles, people should go to the infectious disease hospital for diagnosis and treatment as soon as possible.
Due to the high measles vaccination rate in Beijing City, so Beijing measles mainly concentrated in the 20 years or above adult and young infants. Beijing city has been taken more stringent measures on the prevention and control of measles, found the measles cases, CDC staff will conduct epidemiological investigation of each case, collecting samples for testing, closely contacting cases and carry out emergency vaccination. The dissemination of emergency vaccination can effectively control measles. At the same time carrying out disinfection, people can take measures like through indoor environment wet cleaning, disinfection, ventilation windows and other measures to eliminate the virus or eject virus outdoor ASAP.
Due to the recent measles cases rising, the city of CDC gives suggestions as follows:
1, the public should pay attention to personal hygiene, keep indoor air circulation; if people need to go to the hospital, doing a good job of self-protection, paying attention to wear a mask and reducing cross infection.
2. Parents don’t take kids to crowed places. Children above 8 months should take measles- rubella vaccine in time, measles- rubella -bigeminal vaccine at the age of over 1.5 in time and once again when kids are 6 years old.
3, if you have the measles, citizens should actively cooperate with the disease control department, implemented the prevention and control measures, health and epidemic prevention department personnel determine high-risk groups should take the emergency measles vaccination as soon as possible, at present Beijing city in measles epidemic, below 45 years old, has not previously had the measles, nearly five years without close contacts of vaccinated measles people should take vaccine measles vaccination as soon as possible. Measles patients at home must do the isolation, avoid contacting with other personnel..
4, because of measles incubation period is longer, the company should observe that if there are any new patients after 21 days the last patient with measles, once the new case occurs, people shall timely report. The outbreak of the disease during the observation period, company should cancel the group activity or meeting, reducing the spread of the virus risk.