Recently, the Beijing municipal measles outbreak showed increasing trend. In the view of the public concern, the city health and family planning commission received an interview by journalist.
1, there are a lot of information about measles outbreaks, the measles outbreaks is very serious now?
A: Like the national measles epidemic situation, since entering Year 2015, the number of the Beijing measles rise gradually, as of January 28, 2015, a total of 142 cases of measles were reported in the city, and 99 cases increased than the same period last year. According to the monitoring data from the Beijing disease control and prevention center, Beijing measles epidemic characteristics is starting from January each year with gradually rising trend, gets to seasonal peak in April and May, appearing winter and spring high incidence. In the future Beijing measles is likely on the rising trend for a period of time, but is not likely going to have a widespread outbreak.
2, why now there is a measles outbreak in Beijing?
Since the beginning of using measles vaccine from 1960 s, with the constant improvement of the coverage, the measles epidemic are controlled efficiently, in recent years, Beijing's basic measles control is at lower levels, but generally every four to five years, a popular relative peak year such as Year 2005 and Year 2010, the average level is higher than any other year, so from the trend of this year, one is the city has entered the natural epidemic peak. The second is other provinces source input. Since the Year 2014, the national measles outbreaks continue to rise, many reported cases of measles in the provinces surrounding Beijing and other provinces to Beijing clinic cases increased obviously, it is so risky of bringing measles virus into Beijing. Third thing is that the measles virus transformation is fast. For susceptible people and poor ventilation with indoor environment, it is easy to form aggregation epidemic.
3, how to deal with it after measles outbreaks occurred for the relevant government departments?
After the outbreak, city and district two health and family planning commission departments and the CDC organizations carry out the prevention and control work immediately. One is to require all the patients and personnel company with favor making isolation treatment, fever employees staying at home for observation and timely treatment, the company will daily tracking illness development situation. Two is to require the company during the outbreak designated persons to carry out the personnel absence tracking and summarizing and report, found similar symptoms should immediately report to the disease control and prevention center, and treatment in time. Third is to direct epidemic units designated persons carry out indoor and public environment disinfected and wet cleaning daily and the field disinfection by disease control center, strengthen ventilation .Four is the requirement of involved related units to finish emergency vaccination work as soon as possible, all qualified personnel should be vaccinated; before the end of the outbreak cancel collective activity or meeting; During the outbreak, new personnel should be vaccinated before go to work. Five is to provide the measles prevention related materials, using of each unit's internal web site, the official weibo channel such as measles prevention and control publicity education knowledge. Believe that through comprehensive measures, widespread outbreak will not occur.
Four, what are infection ways for measles?
A: Measles is acute respiratory infectious diseases caused by the measles virus. Infectivity is very strong and easier to implement in the personnel crowded and poor air condition environment. Measles patients are the only infection source. Measles virus exists in the patients with mouth, nose, pharynx, trachea and bronchial secretions and eye mucous secretions, droplets through the air (cough, sneeze, talk) transmission. Patients are contagious from 2 days before infecting the virus to appearing rash after 5 days, if patients have complications such as pneumonia; isolation period needs to be extended to a rash appearing after 14 days.
Five, how to prevent and treat measles?
A: A measles vaccination is one of the most effective means. During the outbreak, citizens should pay attention to personal hygiene, maintain indoor air circulation; If you need to go to the hospital, should be make the self-protection, pay attention to wear face masks and reduce the cross infection. As far as possible to reduce going to the personnel centralized enclosed public places
Six, what are the symptoms of measles?
A: the main symptoms include fever, red rash accompanied by cough, coryza or conjunctivitis; individual cases will be accompanied by serious complications such as pneumonia.
Seven, if I had the close contact with patients or developed the symptoms, what I should do?
A: if someone nearby have measles, close contacts should be vaccinated against measles, emergency vaccination is provided by the government for free. Once occurring the related measles symptoms, people should be go to the regular hospital for diagnosis and treatment as soon as possible. If no one around having measles, individuals having the measles vaccination intention, can also go to the inoculation entities near their home, at their own expense, making the measles vaccination containing vaccine.
Eight, whether the person had measles immune?
Answer: people had measles have a lifelong immunity and won't have the measles.